Sternum Fracture Injury

Sternum Fracture Injury

Sternum Fracture Injury: An In-depth Analysis

Sternum Fracture Injury

A sternum fracture is a break in the breastbone, a flat bone in the center of the chest that protects vital organs such as the heart and lungs. This type of injury is relatively rare, accounting for only about 5-8% of all chest injuries, but it can be severe and life-threatening.

Causes of Sternum Fractures

Sternum fractures are most commonly caused by blunt force trauma to the chest, often resulting from motor vehicle accidents when the chest strikes the steering wheel or dashboard. Other causes can include falls, sports injuries, and physical assaults. In rare cases, sternum fractures can occur due to severe coughing or from minor trauma in individuals with weakened bones due to osteoporosis or cancer.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

The most common symptoms of a sternum fracture include chest pain, particularly when taking a deep breath or coughing, and tenderness and swelling over the sternum. In severe cases, individuals may experience difficulty breathing, rapid heartbeat, and shock. Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination and imaging tests such as X-rays or CT scans.

Treatment and Recovery

Treatment for sternum fractures depends on the severity of the injury. Mild fractures may only require rest, pain medication, and avoidance of strenuous activities. More severe fractures, particularly those that result in displacement of the bone or injury to underlying organs, may require surgery. Recovery can take several weeks to months, and physical therapy may be needed to regain strength and mobility.

Prevention of Sterum Fractures

  • Wearing seat belts and using airbags in vehicles can significantly reduce the risk of sternum fractures from car accidents.
  • Using protective equipment in sports and recreational activities can help prevent chest injuries.
  • Regular exercise and a healthy diet can help maintain bone strength and reduce the risk of fractures in individuals with osteoporosis.


Sternum fractures are serious injuries that can result in significant pain and potentially life-threatening complications. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial to ensure a good outcome. Prevention strategies, including the use of safety equipment and maintaining bone health, can help reduce the risk of this type of injury.

Meta Keywords

Sternum Fracture, Chest Injury, Trauma, Bone Fracture, Prevention, Treatment, Recovery, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Causes

Note: As an AI, I’m unable to generate cartoonish images or set them as featured images for the article. Please consider using an image of a sternum or a person holding their chest to reflect the subject matter.

Leave a Reply